At present, the output value of China’s food packaging machinery is about 30 billion yuan, and the annual import of food packaging machinery is about 1 billion US dollars. The food processing and packaging machinery manufacturing industry is an important industry that provides technical equipment for the food industry. In recent years, it has gradually developed into one of the fastest growing and most dynamic pillar industries in my country’s national economy. However, due to the late start and insufficient concentration of technical resources, the technological innovation capability of my country’s food processing and packaging machinery manufacturing industry is very weak.
The improvement of people’s living standards has an obvious role in promoting the food industry. The market prospects of the food machinery industry are generally optimistic, but for domestic food machinery factory operators, is this market a delicious cake or a hot potato? He Nanzhi, executive vice chairman of China Food and Packaging Machinery Industry Association, said: “At present, the development of many domestic food processing and packaging machinery manufacturing enterprises is passive, and many technical improvements are also helpless.”
The food industry promotes the development of food packaging machinery
In the past 20 years, the food processing industry, which is characterized by the transformation of a large number of agricultural products, has developed at an alarming rate and has become one of the fastest growing industries in my country’s national economy. 13% to 14%. The agricultural product processing industry first provides a broad development space for the packaging industry. Any processed food is inseparable from packaging, including sales packaging and shipping packaging. The first to bear the brunt and the first to benefit is the packaging machinery.
my country’s food packaging machinery industry started in the early 1980s. Since its development, there are nearly 6,000 food and packaging machinery manufacturers in the country, but about 2,000 of them are not stable enough. About the same number of new companies have entered the industry. On the one hand, it shows the fierce competition in this industry, and on the other hand, it shows the attractiveness and vitality of this industry, and everyone is optimistic about its prospects. In this industry, there are only a dozen companies with annual sales exceeding 100 million yuan, about 50 companies with annual sales exceeding 30 million yuan, and 75% of the export products in the industry are produced by these 50 companies. This shows that large enterprises have a high level of technology and production capacity, and have an absolute advantage in market competition.
Now, packaging machinery has become one of the top ten industries in my country’s machinery industry. my country’s food packaging machinery and equipment is not only on the scale, but also accelerating the advancement of opto-mechanical integration and automation. Great progress has been made in filling equipment, packaging equipment, packaging material production equipment and so on. However, the export value of my country’s packaging machinery is less than 5% of the total output value, but the import value is roughly equal to the total output value. This shows that there is a large gap in the demand for packaging machinery in my country. Compared with foreign products, the technological level gap between domestic packaging machinery and foreign products is still large, which is far from meeting domestic demand.
In addition, there are about 1,300 varieties of packaging machinery in my country, lacking high-tech, high-precision, high-quality supporting products, low product performance, poor stability and reliability, short life, rough surface treatment, and unsightly appearance. On the whole, the level is about 20 years behind that of advanced countries; from the perspective of enterprise conditions, the domestic packaging machinery industry lacks leading enterprises, and there are not many enterprises with high technical level, large production scale, and product grades reaching the international level; in terms of scientific research product development See, it is still basically in the testing and imitation stage, the self-development ability is not strong, the scientific research investment is small, and the funds only account for 1% of the sales, while the developed countries are as high as 8~10%.
High-end technology helps packaging machinery product upgrade
He Nanzhi pointed out that from the perspective of automation technology application, the gap between my country’s food machinery industry and foreign developed countries is relatively obvious. In recent years, local enterprises also intend to improve their competitiveness in this area, but the improvement of technology is also gradually carried out with the change of market acceptance. More mature technologies applied abroad are easier to be adopted by domestic enterprises, but at the same time, this also restricts the active development of the local food machinery manufacturing industry. Therefore, the transformation of the development model requires the transformation of the business philosophy of local enterprises while drawing on advanced technologies.
At present, the detection technology in the process of food processing and packaging is not limited to the detection of impurities on the production line. With the increasing importance of food inspection, the application field of detection technology is further expanded.
He Nanzhi said: “In the past, our food machinery manufacturers paid less attention to food inspection technology. Compared with the improvement of the performance of the whole machine, there is a lot of room for the development of food inspection technology.” He Nanzhi pointed out that the current food processing and packaging process The detection technology in China is not limited to the detection of impurities on the production line. With the increasing importance of food inspection, the application field of detection technology is further expanded. Among machine vision products, color machine vision products are more prominently used in food inspection. We can use the color of food to determine parameters such as maturity and quality level. In addition, with the gradual popularization of wireless sensor network applications in recent years, some large foreign food processing plants have applied them to food information collection systems to ensure food safety. Through wireless sensor networks, food processing plants can allow consumers to fully understand the relevant information of food production, transportation, storage and other processes. Such intuitive and transparent information greatly eliminates their concerns about food safety. At the same time, this is also conducive to the timely detection of problems by the regulatory authorities, which can be well documented, and can prevent food safety problems from occurring.
When it comes to the application of new food packaging technology, He Nanzhi said: “A few years ago, the automatic identification function was applied to the packaging machinery products used in some foreign food factories, which provided the packaging machinery for various types of products. Great convenience. While realizing fast and accurate packaging, factors such as visual and physical fatigue of manual operation are excluded. However, this technology is still rarely used in China, so market demand and consumption concepts must be considered in the promotion of new technologies in China. And other factors.”
In the face of such a precise and labor-saving method, most domestic companies still say “no”. He Nanzhi pointed out that the well-known food factories in foreign developed countries have a large demand for their products, so the application of some new technologies can directly improve the production efficiency and greatly reduce the cost of introducing technologies. Most of the local food factories in China are mainly small and medium-sized enterprises, and this advantage of improving efficiency is not obvious. At the same time, China’s food industry, especially the food packaging industry, needs to introduce a large number of foreign advanced technologies and equipment for a long time. The consequence is that the high-end equipment market share of China’s large packaging enterprises is almost occupied by foreign equipment. This passive development situation often makes domestic food processing factories choose to use automation technology to upgrade equipment when they are forced to do so. Therefore, China’s packaging industry should proceed from reality, and at the same time introduce technology, independent innovation is also essential, so as to produce equipment suitable for the domestic market demand.
Post time: Apr-09-2022